Record Details
Book cover

The final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada Volume 1, part 1, origins to 1939 The history

Places Canada's residential school system in the historical context of European campaigns to colonize and convert Indigenous people throughout the world. In post-Confederation Canada, the government adopted what amounted to a policy of cultural genocide: suppressing spiritual practices, disrupting traditional economies, and imposing new forms of government. Residential schooling quickly became a central element in this policy. The destructive intent of the schools was compounded by chronic underfunding and ongoing conflict between the federal government and the church missionary societies that had been given responsibility for their day-to-day operation. A failure of leadership and resources meant that the schools failed to control the tuberculosis crisis that gripped the schools for much of this period. Alarmed by high death rates, Aboriginal parents often refused to send their children to the schools, leading the government adopt ever more coercive attendance regulations. While parents became subject to ever more punitive regulations, the government did little to regulate discipline, diet, fire safety, or sanitation at the schools. By the period's end the government was presiding over a nation-wide series of firetraps that had no clear educational goals and were economically dependent on the unpaid labour of underfed and often sickly children.

Book  - 2015
971.004 Fin v.1 pt.1
1 copy / 0 on hold

Available Copies by Location

Victoria Available
  • ISBN: 9780773546509
  • Physical Description print
    xiv, 962 pages : illustrations, portraits ; 25 cm.
  • Publisher [Place of publication not identified] : [publisher not identified], 2015.

Content descriptions

General Note:
NFPL Indigenous Collection.
Bibliography, etc. Note: Includes bibliographical references.
Formatted Contents Note: Section 1 : the historical context for Canada's residential schools. Colonialism in the age of empire -- The churches and their mission of conversion -- Residential schooling in French Canada : 1608-1763 -- Treaty-making and betrayal : the roots of Canada's Aboriginal policy -- Pre-Confederation residential schools -- Mission schools in the Canadian West : 1820-1880 -- Confederation, colonization, and resistance -- National and international models for Canada's residential schools -- Section 2 : the Canadian residential school system, 1867 to 1939. Laying the groundwork for the residential school system -- Student accounts of residential school life : 1867-1939 -- Establishing and operating the system : 1867-1939 -- The struggle over enrolment : 1867-1939 -- The educational record of residential schools : 1867-1939 -- The student as labourer : 1867-1939 -- Recreation and sports : 1867-1939 -- The deadly toll of infectious diseases : 1867-1939 -- Building and maintaining the schools : 1867-1939 -- Fire, a deadly hazard : 1867-1939 -- Food and diet at residential schools : 1867-1939 -- School clothing : 1867-1939 -- Discipline : 1867-1939 -- Covering up sexual abuse : 1867-1939 -- Student victimization of students : 1867-1939 -- Truancy : 1867-1939 -- Separating children from parents : 1867-1939 -- Suppressing Aboriginal languages : 1867-1939 -- Separating the sexes, arranging marriages, establishing colonies : 1867-1939 -- The Lytton school : 1902-1939 -- Parents respond and resist : 1867-1939 -- The staff experience : 1867-1939.